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13th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems

Madeira Island, Portugal, 19 – 22 September 2010

On the Way to Intelligent Sustainable Mobility

Plenary Talks


1. Plenary Talk on "Parallel Control and Management for Intelligent Transportation Systems: Theory, Methods, and Applications"
Speaker: Fei-Yue Wang, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA

Abstract: Parallel management has been proposed as a new mechanism for control of complex systems, especially those involve with both engineering and social complexity, such as transportation systems. This talk presents an overview of the background, concept, basic methods, major issues, and current applications of Parallel Management Systems (PMS), especially Parallel transportation Management Systems (PtMS). The idea of parallel management originates in the concept of adaptive control where reference models are running in parallel with actual controlled plants. The operation of PMS is based on the ACP framework in which Artificial societies are used as “reference models” for modeling, Computational experiments are utilized for analysis and evaluation, and Parallel execution are taken as tool for control and management. Essentially, parallel management is a data-driven approach for modeling, analysis, and decision making that considers both engineering and social dimensions in its processes. Applications described here indicate clearly that PMS have a strong link with networked complex systems, cyber-physical-social systems, and social computing.

Detailed description of the system architectures, methods, processes, and components, including OTSt, DynaCAS, aDAPTS, iTOP, and TransWorld of PtMS will be presented and examples of their real-world applications based on cloud computing and wide area communication networks will also be illustrated and discussed.

Key Words: Intelligent Transportation Systems, Parallel Control, Parallel Management, Parallel Transportation Management Systems, ACP, Data Driven Decision Making, Cloud Computing, Complex Systems.


Bio-Sketch for Fei-Yue Wang

Fei-Yue Wang received Ph.D. in Computer and Systems Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York in 1990. He joined the University of Arizona in 1990 and became a Professor and Directors of the Robotics and Automation Lab (RAL) and the Program in Advanced Research for Complex Systems (PARCS). In 1999, he found Intelligent Control and Systems Engineering Center at Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) under the support of Outstanding Oversea Chinese Talents Program. Since 2002, he is the Director of Key Lab of Complex Systems and Intelligence Science at CAS. Currently, he is the Dean of School of Software Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, and Vice President of the Institute of Automation, CAS.
 
His major research interests include social computing, web science, complex systems, computational intelligence, intelligent systems and control. Applying intelligent technology in transportation systems is the current focus of his works.
 
From 1995-2000, Dr. Wang was the Editor-in-Chief of Int’l J. of Intelligent Control and Systems and Series in Intelligent Control and Intelligent Automation. Currently, he is the Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Intelligent Systems and IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportations Systems. He has served as Chairs of more than 20 IEEE, ACM, INFORMS, and ASME Conferences. He was the President of IEEE ITS Society from 2005-2007, Chinese Association for Science and Technology in 2005, and American Zhu Kezhen Education Foundation from 2007-2008. Currently he is Vice President and Secretary-General of Chinese Association of Automation.
 
Dr. Wang is member of Sigma Xi and an elected Fellow of IEEE, INCOSE, IFAC, ASME, and AAAS. In 2007, he received the National Prize in Natural Sciences of China and awarded the Outstanding Scientist by ACM for his work in intelligent control and social computing. In 2009, he received the IEEE ITS Outstanding Application Award for his contribution in developing agent-based networked traffic control systems.


2. Plenary Talk on "A New Extreme Challenge for Autonomous Vehicles"
Speaker: Alberto Broggi, University of Parma, Italy
VisLab Intercontinental Challenge webpage: www.IntercontinentalChallenge.eu

Abstract: This paper presents the design issues that were considered for the equipment of 4 identical autonomous vehicles that will drive themselves without human intervention on an intercontinental route for more than 13,000 km.

Autonomous vehicles have been demonstrated able to reach the end of a 220 miles off-road trail (in the DARPA Grand Challenge), to negotiate traffic and obey traffic rules (in the DARPA Urban Challenge), but no one ever tested their capabilities on a long, intercontinental trip and stressed their systems for a long period of time. This presentation focuses on a new technological challenge of a set of unmanned vehicles that will run the VisLab Intercontinental Autonomous Challenge (VIAC). The challenge takes place during the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai, China, and is aimed at testing autonomous driving on real roads for three monts in a row; 2 autonomous vehicles will drive from Parma, Italy, to Shanghai, China, on a 13,000 km intercontinental trip for the first time in history.

Being scheduled for July-October 2010, the challenge would be running in the period of the conference; fresh reports form the vehicles will also be included.


Bio-Sketch for Alberto Broggi

Prof. Alberto Broggi is a full professor of computer engineering and artificial vision at the University of Parma, Italy.

Previously Prof. Broggi was an Assistant Professor at the Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione of the University of Parma and Associate Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica of the University of Pavia. He is also President and CEO of VisLab srl, a spin-off company of the University of Parma, whose mission is the transfer of perception technologies to the industrial market.

Prof. Broggi’s research activities have focused on the development of perception systems to be installed onboard vehicles (road, off-road, military, mining, agricultural vehicles) in order to help the driver and ultimately also to drive autonomously. He acted as Program Chair of the main conference in the field of intelligent vehicles (the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium 2000 in Detroit, MI) and as General Chair of the same conference in 2004; from 2004 to 2008 he served the most important scientific Journal in the field of Intelligent Transportation Systems, the IEEE Trans on ITS, as Editor-in-Chief; he is now serving the IEEE Intelligent Transportation System Society as President.

He was invited as keynote speaker in many different events worldwide to describe and discuss the current state of the art on intelligent vehicles and future trends in the field. He is the Founder and Director of the Artificial Vision and Intelligent Systems Lab and author of more than 150 publications on international scientific journals, book chapters, refereed conference proceedings,

Prof. Broggi acted as Associate Editor for many international journals and is the Founding Editor of the regular Department on “Intelligent Transportation Systems” of IEEE Intelligent Systems Magazine, IEEE Computer Society, and the Founding Editor of the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Council Newsletter.

Prof. Broggi graduated in Electronic Engineering and got his Ph.D. in Information Technology from the University of Parma, Italy.

Prof. Broggi was awarded an ERC Advanced Grant in 2008 for his project OFAV (Open intelligent systems for Future Autonomous Vehicles).

Website: http://www.vislab.it/broggi/


3. Plenary Talk on "Harnessing Charging Power: The Communication Issues of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure from a Standardization Point of View"
Speaker: Peter Van Den Bossche, Erasmus University College Brussels, Belgium
Presentation: pdf format.

Abstract: In urban traffic, due to their beneficial effect on environment, electric vehicles are an important factor for improvement of traffic and more particularly for a healthier living environment. Electrically propelled vehicles make use of energy sources which need access to the electric supply network for recharging, and thus need suitable infrastructures.

It is clear that international standardization will be a key element in making such development possible. The standardization work in this domain foremostly is concerned with the design of common accessories such as plugs and connectors. The foremost design priority to be addressed by the standards shall be safety. However, the need for enhanced communication between the vehicle and the charging infrastructure can clearly be perceived. On one hand, this concerns operational issues such as user-friendly billing systems for public charging. On the other hand, there is the issue of grid load management, where the charger ampacity should be controlled in a dynamic way to optimize grid utilisation and user cost. This includes the "vehicle to grid" operations where the power flow to the vehicle is reversed. The definition of a suitable communication protocol and its implementation is a considerable challenge taking into account the number of actors involved: on the first place the vehicle user, but also energy suppliers, fleet operators, vehicle manufacturers, etc. A special case occurs when off-board d.c. chargers are used, where battery management data shall also be included in the protocols.

Several use cases can be defined taking into account the development of novel mobility business models. Research projects on these issues are now being performed on a global and European scale, involving major players in the field.
The complexity of the scene and the number of actors involved necessitate a multidisciplinary approach of this problem by international standardization. To this effect, a joint IEC/ISO working group has been set up. However, diverging views on the situation continue to exist and the danger of inappropriate standardization or overstandardization is always looming.

The paper will describe the ongoing developments in the field, providing a direct feedback from the standardization scene due to the long-time involvement of the author in the field.

The impact of electric vehicle charging standardization goes in fact beyond the mere selection of a type of plug or data protocol, but involves in fact a mix of technical, economical and political factors, with standardization becoming a mirror of society, the study of which allows to gain interesting insights in societal and technological development.


Bio-Sketch for Peter Van Den Bossche

Peter Van den Bossche promoted in Engineering Sciences from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel on a thesis ”The Electric vehicle, raising the standards”. He is currently lecturer at the Erasmus University College Brussels and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Since more than 15 years he is active in several international standardization committees, currently acting as Secretary of IEC TC69. He has been closely involved in electric vehicle research and demonstration programmes in collaboration with the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the international associations AVERE and CITELEC, and is now coordinating research projects on battery modelling, always observing the link to standardization development in the field.

Besides his professional involvement into electricity, Peter is strongly involved in the conservation of our architectural and industrial heritage, particularly in his home town Mechelen, Belgium.

To unwind and to get away from it all, he likes to embark on solitary expeditions in the highlands of Scotland or Norway.


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